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Shoulder

Our arms rely on good shoulder health to function properly. Shoulders are often overlooked when it comes to minor pains, but much to often this neglect leads to further issues and can even require surgery. But, you don't have to be an athlete to have shoulder issues. Shoulder problems happen to people of all backgrounds. With solid range of motion and good shoulder health Sport and Spine Rehab treats the following conditions that affect the shoulder:

The body's most mobile joint is the shoulder. It moves in many directions and has a wide range of motion. This range of motion also makes the shoulder very vulnerable to dislocation, which can be very painful and incapacitating.

Shoulder disclocations are when the "ball" of the "ball and socket joint" gets forcefully moved out of the "socket", normally from trauma (in sports, a fall, a car accident, etc.). These can occur in any direction (front, back, or down), but the most common is the anterior (front) dislocation.

A common cause of disability and pain among adults is a rotator cuff tear. With a torn rotator cuff it will be very difficult to do any daily activities. Even the simplest activity like getting dressed can even become extremely painful to do.

There are four muscles that comprise the rotator cuff: Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor and Subscapularis. A rotator cuff tear is when one of those muscles or the tendon from the muscle is either partially or completely torn. The supraspinatus is the most commonly torn muscle due to its compromised position under the acromonion, or point of the shoulder.

Many sports require overhead motion and activities. A common and painful injury due to these motions can be shoulder labral tears.

The labrum is a cartilage cuff in the shoulder joint. Depending on where the tear occurs, the pain will present differently. Most commonly, symptoms include an aching in the shoulder joint, clicking or catching of the shoulder with movement, and pain with specific activities.

A rare condition that involves pain in the shoulder and neck are is called Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. The area between the collar bone and rib cage is known as the thoracic outlet.

TOS occurs when the nerves and vascular structures from the neck get compressed as they run through the shoulder into the upper extremity. Tests upon physical exam can usually identify the location of the compression. Many times, there may also be compression in the spine or further down the shoulder, elbow, arm or hand. Symptoms may included numbness, tingling, weakness, pain or blanching of any of the fingers. Conservative management can be very effective in treating TOS without drugs or surgery.

A fairly common sports injury is a shoulder separation. Often occurring from a fall, this injury can range from mild pain to very painful and deforming.

A shoulder separation is an injury to the acromioclavicular joint on the top of the shoulder. A shoulder separation occurs where the clavicle and the scapula come together.

Many of us take for granted having a full range of motion in our shoulder. Not having the ability to move our arm in all directions can lead to a loss of being able to perform daily activities.

A frozen shoulder is a shoulder joint with significant loss of its range of motion in all directions.

A common cause of shoulder pain in people of all ages is a rotator cuff injury. Many rotator cuff problems can be age or activity related.

The rotator cuff is a set of four muscles (Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Subscapularis, and Teres Minor) that lie over the humeral head in the shoulder that help provide shoulder stability. These muscles can become inflamed and produce shoulder pain.